French Fri 1 Oct 21   (Updated Fri 1 Oct 21)

Article

mfpl
thelelales
a (an, some)ununedes
l’ with an a-vowel or silent h.

Partitive article

masculinefeminineplural
de + le → dude lade + les → des

Pronouns

Basics

NomAccDat
jememeI
tuteteyou
illeluihe/it
ellelaluishe/it
on

one/we
nousnousnouswe
vousvousvousyou (pl or s formal)
ilslesleurthey (m)
elleslesleurthey (f)
*j’ before vowel or h sound.

y ‘there’
en refers to a quantity; e.g., ‘of them’

Reflexive pronouns

me
te
se
nous
vous
se

Stressed pronouns

moime
toiyou
luihim
elleher
nousus
vousyou (pl or s formal)
euxthem (m)
ellesthem (f)

Demonstrative pronouns

spl
mcelui (the one)ceux (the ones)
fcelle (the one)celles (the ones)

Prepositions

(Listed on BBC website.)

Place

dansin(side)
derrièrebehind
devantin front of
entrebetween
sousunder
suron
Some prepositions need to be used with de:
à côté denext to
au bord deat the side of
au-dessus deabove, over
au milieu dein the middle of
en dehors deoutside (of)
en face deopposite
près denear

Time

aprèsafter
avantbefore
depuissince, for
jusqu’àup to, until
pendantfor, during
pourfor (future plans)
à ‘at’ or ‘to’
chez ‘to’ or ‘at’ somewhere
en ‘to’, ‘in’, ‘by’ or ‘made of’.

Some verbs are followed by prepositions.

Adjectives

Adjective endings

mfm pl fpl
--e-s-es
Most adjectives come after the noun.

Adverbs

Regular adverbs

To make an adverb, take the feminine singular form of an adjective and add -ment. If it ends in a vowel use the masculine form. If an adjective ends in -ant or -ent, remove the ending and add -amment or -emment.

Irregular adverbs

bon (good) bien (well)
mauvais (bad) mal (badly)
meilleur (better) mieux (better)

Verbs

To be

je suisI am
tu esyou are
il/elle/on esthe/she/it is
nous sommeswe are
vous êtesyou are
ils/elles sontthey are

To have

j’aiI have
tu asyou have
il/elle/on ahe/she/it has
nous avonswe have
vous avezyou have
ils/ells ontthey have

Verbs endings


-er verbs (jouer – to play)-ir verbs (finir – to finish)-re verbs (vendre – to sell)
jejouefinisvends
tujouesfinisvends
il/elle/onjouefinitvend
nousjouonsfinissonsvendons
vousjouezfinissezvendez
ils/ellesjouentfinissentvendent

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